Upper Key Stage 2 – Years 5 and 6 national Curriculum 

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems,including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, pupils are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. Teaching in geometry and measures should consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number. Teaching should also ensure that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and that they learn the vocabulary they
need to describe them.

By the end of year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.

Pupils should read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.

Number – fractions (including decimals and percentages)

  • recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per hundred’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal
  • solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.

Notes and guidance (non-statutory)
Pupils should be taught throughout that percentages, decimals and fractions are different ways of expressing proportions.
They extend their knowledge of fractions to thousandths and connect to decimals and measures.

Pupils should make connections between percentages, fractions and decimals and relate this to finding ‘fractions of’.

Percentages-Levelled SATS questions
Resource Percentages and Fractions - key stage 2 sats questions organised by levels 3, 4, 5 and 6. Mark scheme and notes also added as an additional file. Word files for easy editing.
Find simple percentages -PowerPoint-TES
Resource A PowerPoint that helps to teach and practise finding simple percentages.
Who wants to be a millionaire quiz-TES
Resource This is an interactive, who wants to be a millionaire themed activity, great as a starter or plenary. This powerpoint is completely customisable so it can be adapted for all subjects.
Percentages- an introduction PowerPoint
Resource It explains what a percentage is, how to convert a percentage to a fraction and a decimal and how to find simple percentages of amounts.
Percentages Worksheets- Maths worksheets for kids
Website Percent activities contain converting decimals and fractions into percents, percents into fractions and decimals, calculating percent increase or decrease, finding percent of numbers and many percent math problems.
Shaded Percentage of Shapes-TES PowerPoint
Resource Activity finding what percentage of a shape is shaded. Involves rectangles, triangles, circles & 1 question also using Pythagoras and area of a sector.
Percentages of shape-PowerPoint TES
Resource Often comes up in the SATs; a concept my children often struggle with.
Worksheets- Teaching Image
Resource Excellent worksheets with answers.
Freewebs interactive
Resource Great interactive tool which shows decimals and percentages visually.
Football Scoring Challenge
Video In this 3, 2, 1, Go!video, two football-mad Key Stage 2 schoolchildren, Thomas and Zahida, are taken to Arsenal’s training ground. They meet Arsenal player Tomas Rosicky, and are set a maths challenge related to football.
Teaching Ideas
Website Percentages resources from Teaching Ideas.
Teachers' TV- Fractions, Decimals and Percentages
Video Six Key Stage 2 maths ‘Lesson Starters’, with puzzles involving fractions, decimals and percentages to start a lesson. Meet Agatha, her identical sisters and their spaniels, Muddy Ears the gardener and the extremely rare (and often snoring) Sleepy Gibboon. Welcome to a pizza party, help Sahara choose which roll of fabulous fabric has enough material on it to make a new shalwar-kamiz and see if you can work out after how many journeys a high speed train needs to stop and re-fuel.
Percentage fraction chains- Top Marks
Resource Useful interactive for working on percentages of money, weight, length, numbers and fractions of numbers.
BGfl- Percentages
Resource Useful interactive for working out percentages of money.
BBC Skillswise interactive
Resource A useful teaching aid for demonstrating percentages of something. Drag the percentages onto the blackboard to see how different percentages look and experiment with different graphics.  
Primary Resources
Website Percentages worksheets and other resources from the Primary Resources website.
Percentages-BBC Bitesize
Video All BBC Bitesize 'Percenatges'  videos from the BBC.
Percentages game-Dick and Dom BBC
Video Fin interactive from BBC Bitesize. Dick and Dom make potions. Aimed at years 5 and 6.